Diet and Nutrition
Food, Drugs, and SupplementsWhat's the
By Steve Edwards
From the Million Dollar Body Club - Join Today and Workout to
In the wake of all
the doping scandals in sports, it's become clear to me that most people have no
idea what sports doping actually is. For that matter, it seems that what we
eat, the supplements we take, and the drugs we take have been completely
separated in the minds of many when, in fact, they all affect our body very
similarly. So let's go over some of the very basic differences between food,
drugs, and supplements. I think many of you will be surprised at the
relationship food has with the others.
Since this is a 911 class, I'll try and
keep this simple, which isn't easy with all the science behind not only our
drug industry, but also our food and supplement industry. But we're just
concerned with the very basics for our purposes, so let's begin with a quick
analysis of how much "doping" for a sport actually helps.
Could you take drugs and win the Tour
convinced that sports doping has been blown out of proportion by the media to
the point that most people think it will turn someone into the 6 Million Dollar
Man. Unfortunately (or fortunately, depending on your point of view), this is
far from the case. The highest performance boost anyone can obtain from using
medical science is along the lines of 3 percentnowhere close to what diet
and exercise can do.
While this can make a huge difference
between two similarly talented athletes, it's still only a small piece of the
puzzle. And for someone like you or me, it won't get us much nearer to an
Olympic medal than we are now. As un-Horatio Alger as it sounds, world-class
athletes are born, not made. Not to say they don't have to put in massive
amounts of work. They do, especially in this day and age of scientific
knowledge where you can run a few tests on an eight-year-old and pinpoint their
athletic potential. But the bottom line is that if you didn't cream everyone in
your school the first time you ran around the perimeter, you're not going to
win the Olympic marathon no matter how hard you train or what kind of dope you
can get your hands on. Kind of boring, but true.
So now that we know that taking drugs
can't completely change your physical makeup (we'll touch on mental later),
let's talk about just what drugs are.
The anatomy of a drug
Wikipedia: A drug is any substance containing a chemical
which binds with a receptor in a cell membrane or an enzyme which produces some
biological effect by altering the cellular functions as a result of that
binding. It is usually synthesized outside of an organism, but introduced into
an organism to produce its action. That is, when taken into the organism's
body, it will produce some effects or alter some bodily functions (such as
relieving symptoms, curing diseases or used as preventive medicine or any other
So it's a little scientific, what did
you expect? Medical drugs can do some amazing things, but they still work with
basic physiological principles of the body. Most drugs were created because
something was found in the natural world that caused a reaction that would lead
scientists to try and improve upon it. For example, check out the next
Note that natural endogenous
biochemicals (such as hormones) can bind to the same receptor in the cell,
producing the same effect as a drug. Thus, "drug" is merely an artificial
definition that distinguishes whether that molecule is synthesized within an
organism or outside an organism. For instance, insulin is a hormone that is
synthesized in the body; it is considered a hormone when it is synthesized by
the pancreas inside the body, but if it is introduced into the body from
outside, it is considered a drug.
This is the first clue to how our lines
on this stuff become blurred. What we eat affects our natural insulin levels,
but insulin can also be a drug. So can't we just eat better and not need to
inject insulin? Sometimes we can. Other times not. A good example of this is
type 1 and type 2 diabetes, where the former is a condition that requires
injections of the drug form of insulin to keep the patient alive but the latter
condition is caused by a direct result of poor dietary habits.
Another example is a Tour de France
bicycle rider. Each day the grueling race breaks down his body's tissues,
sapping his natural hormone stores that are needed to promote recovery for the
next day's race. Eating, rest, and recuperative strategies like massage help
this process greatly. But now, through medical science, we also have the
ability to synthesize these substances. Therefore a well-funded racer can have
a doctor ensure that they have almost perfect recovery by injecting these
substances, leaving little to chance.
The third paragraph
of Wikipedia's definition of the word "drug" sheds much more light on the
relationship between food and drugs and, essentially, defines what we now call
It is a substance which is not food,
and which, when ingested, affects the functioning of the mind, or the body, or
both. However, under the philosophy of Chinese medicine, food is also
considered a drug as it affects particular parts of the body and cures some
diseases. Thus, food does satisfy the above definition of drug so long as
ingestion of it would alter some bodily functions.
The Chinese and other indigenous
cultures were the first to make "supplements" as we now call almost all of
their natural remedies. Ancient doctors saw how eating different foods affected
the body differently, especially herbs and plants. All plants have some type of
defense mechanism that allows them to survive within the dog-eat-dog world of
natural selection in which they live. Some have thorns. Some eat animals. But
most rely on something called a secondary defense compound which is usually
something poisonous to one of its predators. While some remain poisonous to
humans, others have medicinal qualities.
Through use of these compounds we
created the world's first drugs. These were used for centuries but became less
popular as Western (and now Eastern) medicine found ways to synthesize these
compounds and find other, generally more aggressive, pathways in which to
attack ailments. But many are still used by naturopathic doctors and other
traditional healers worldwide. Most of these old-school drugs can now be
purchased over the counter and are called "food supplements."
The food supplement industry has grown
beyond this as well. Our modern diets, now filled with junk foods, alcohol, and
the like, have left us very short on the nutrients we need to live a healthy
lifestyle. Now many supplements are more than just plants with medicinal
qualities but condensed food nutrients, or high concentrations of nutrient-rich
foods, like spirulina. These supplements are actually more food than
supplement, but we've blurred the line here as well, mainly because the word
"food" doesn't have the healthy connotation it once did.
Since most of you
must know that these are not the cornerstones of a healthy lifestyle, I'm not
going to spend much time on them. This is, probably by far, the most popular
way we consume drugs and, hopefully, you'll use some common sense and restraint
in this area.
It's interesting to note that this has
followed, almost exactly (if not by leading the way), our trend of modern
medicine. Most were traditionally plants, with the "high" or altered mental
state coming from a reaction to a secondary defense compoundmost often
probably from being slightly poisoned. Now many are made by chemists.
Not all of them are bad for you. Two
popular mind-altering substances from natural sources, caffeine and marijuana,
have shown positive effects for certain conditions. But make no mistake, these
are drugs, and even though they're natural, cause changes to your natural state
and should be used with restraint and an acknowledgement of this fact. Most of
these substances have some degree of addictive quality and all, even coffee and
tea, should be eliminated for periods of time in order to allow your body to
cleanse itself and revert to a state of homeostasis, or internal balance.
Medical drugs should also be used with
care and a healthy dose of skepticism. Not just recreational drugs, but even
those prescribed to you by your doctor. Doctors are under a lot of pressure
from pharmaceutical companies to prescribe a lot of medication. Many do so
without administering the caution that they've been taught to use. It won't
hurt you to question your doctor about what you're putting in your body. It's
your right to know and you should utilize it.
Even though they work along similar
pathways, these laboratory (or bathtub-made) substances can greatly change the
way your natural body reacts to its world. If this sounds scary, it is.
Prescription medication is powerful stuff and should always be used with great
caution. It can do amazing things if used only as necessary, but our current
society needs to show some restraint in the way we dish this stuff out.
Wethe usersare the only ones who can change that.
I haven't mentioned
the importance of exercise with regards to all this but thought I should toss
you a bone, since it is my MO in life. Exercise creates tissue breakdown, which
stimulates hormone action, which helps you recover. What it also does is signal
your brain to crave the types of foods it needs to repair itself. This is your
best ally in the fight against aging, obesity, and drug dependence.
I mention this here because exercise
also causes the release of what you've heard called endorphins. These are,
essentially, mind-altering, recreational-type drugs similar to the kind some
procure from shady characters in the bathroom at your local club. The only
difference is that they're never laced with meth, chlorine, amyl nitrate, or
baby powder and all their side effects are good for you. Okay, so you'll have
to stimulate their production yourself and they're addicting. But it's the
healthiest addiction you'll ever have. It's also free. Plus, you're guaranteed
to never get arrested for having too much in your system.
The power of food
As you may have
noticed, the things we eat are linked somehow with all of the effects of drugs
and supplements. Food changes our bodies just like supplements and even like
drugs. It just does it in a much more subtle way. And it does it at both ends
of the spectrum. If you eat well, then you are likely to need a lot fewer
supplements and drugs and if you're ill and in need of prescription medication,
eating better will lessen your reliance on these substances. This is a pretty
powerful testament for eating well.
Food vs. Drugs: Which is the better
turned on a TV, radio, or read about any newspaper in the world over the last
few years has heard of the baseball player Barry Bonds. Most have weighed in on
whether they think his incredible records should be counted in the sport's
history. And the reason, of course, is that he used performance-enhancing drugs
in order to get stronger, which led to him hitting more home runs than he would
In order for these substances to help,
Bonds was required to work out religiously, rest, and eat well. While they help
performance, they require extra effort. If you aren't pushing your body to its
limit, most "steroids" (a colloquial term for performance-enhancing drugs) are
not performance enhancing. And because he reshaped his body by adding bulk,
more time must have been spent to keep the skills of his game on par with when
he was smaller and more supple. In essence, a lot of hard work helped Bonds hit
more home runs, aided by what amounts to a science diet.
On the other hand, what hasn't been
discussed, at least that I've seen, is how many more home runs Babe Ruth would
have hit had he not existed on a diet primarily consisting of alcohol, tobacco,
and hot dogs. Ruth began using tobacco at seven and reportedly smoked 12 cigars
a day. His late night carousing was a thing of legend. Only when he remarried
towards the end of his career did he pay any attention at all to his diet. His
career was rife with health problems.
Obviously, the Babe should still hold
the record. And not because Bonds' records should be deleted. Steroids, after
all, were not banned from baseball when Bonds took them. Most experts attribute
a handful of home runs per year to "doping" during Bonds' big years. But who
knows how many more home runs Ruth would have hit had he paid any sort of
attention to his diet. A hundred? With ease. Two, even three or four in a
career that could have lasted another five years. Because when it comes to
performance, the biggest variable of all is still what you eat.